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Paul Gauguin: Brief info

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 09 Feb 2015

Paul Gauguin: Brief info



Paul Gauguin

Eugene Henri Paul Gauguin (b. June 7, 1848, Paris, Fr.--d. May 8, 1903, Atuona, Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia), one of the leading French painters of the Postimpressionist period, whose development of a conceptual method of representation was a decisive step for 20th-century art.

His father was a journalist and his mother was a famous writer who was a member of a noble Peruvian family. Gauguin's father died when he was very young and his mother moved him to Peru. When Paul was school aged, they moved back to Paris.

He later spent many years as a sailor before becoming a stockbroker. He married and had five children. It was then, at about age 35 that he became interested in art and painting.

At first Gauguin painted like the Impressionists, but was soon influenced by Japanese woodcut art and developed his own unique style. Like his one-time roommate and friend, van Gogh, Gauguin rejected the Western style of paining and instead simplified his form in the style of Primitive Art.

In 1891, Gauguin, frustrated by lack of recognition at home and financially destitute, sailed to the tropics to escape European civilization and "everything that is artificial and conventional."

Living in Mataiea Village in Tahiti, he painted "Fatata te Miti" ("By the Sea"), "Ia Orana Maria" (Ave Maria) and other depictions of Tahitian life. He moved to Punaauia in 1897, where he created the masterpiece painting "Where Do We Come From" and then lived the rest of his life in the Marquesas Islands, returning to France only once, when he painted at Pont-Aven.

In the South Seas, he discovered the beauty of colour and the simple way of
life. He eventually abandoned his former life settling for a life of poverty and isolation in Tahiti and the Marquesas Islands.

His works of that period are full of quasi-religious symbolism and an exoticized view of the inhabitants of Polynesia. In Polynesia he sided with the native peoples, clashing often with the colonial authorities and with the Catholic Church. During this period he also wrote the book Avant et après (before and after), a fragmented collection of observations about life in Polynesia, memories from his life and comments on literature and paintings.

In 1903, due to a problem with the church and the government, he was sentenced to three months in prison, and charged a fine.

He died of syphilis before he could start the prison sentence. His body had been weakened by alcohol and a dissipated life. He was 54 years old.

His painting reflected the beautiful landscape and the peaceful, natural life of the people of the South Pacific. Gauguin exaggerated his colours and arranged them to seem brighter. He was known for changing the actual colour of everyday things for both decorative and emotional purposes to express Mood. His works are filled of bands of flat colours and simple two-dimensional images.
Primitivism was an art movement of late 19th-century painting and sculpture. It characterized by exaggerated body proportions, animal totems, geometric designs and stark contrasts.
The first artist who used these effects and achieved public attention was Paul Gauguin. Gauguin was inspired and motivated by the raw power and simplicity of the so-called Primitive art of those foreign cultures.
But Gauguin also considered as a Post-Impressionist painter. His bold, colorful and design oriented paintings significantly influenced Modern art. There are a lot of famous artists and movements in the 20th century inspired by him. The most famous are: Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, André Derain; Fauvism, Cubism and Orphism and many others.

The success for Gauguin's art started only after his death. Many of his later paintings were acquired by the Russian collector Sergei Shchukin. A substantial part of his collection is displayed in the Pushkin Museum and the Hermitage.

Gauguin paintings are rarely offered for sale. A colourful Paul Gauguin painting of two Tahitian girls has been sold for a record-breaking price: about $300 million, this is the highest prices which have been paid for an artwork.
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The highest price was paid for Gauguin painting ‘When Are You Getting Married’ ... 12 PHOTOS

Paul Gauguin

Fatata te Miti (By the Sea), 1892

Fatata te Miti (By the Sea), 1892

Portrait de l

Portrait de l'artiste (Self-portrait) c. 1893-1894, Oil on canvas, 46 x 38 cm (18 1/8 x 15 in); Musee d'Orsay, Paris

Ia Orana Maria (Hail Mary), 1891

Ia Orana Maria (Hail Mary), 1891

Ia Orana Maria (Hail Mary), 1893-95

Ia Orana Maria (Hail Mary), 1893-95

Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin

Self-portrait, 1889, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

Self-portrait, 1889, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC

Self-portrait, 1875–1877, Fogg Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Self-portrait, 1875–1877, Fogg Museum, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin

Where Do We Come From, What Are We, Where Are We Going, 1897-98

Where Do We Come From, What Are We, Where Are We Going, 1897-98

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